Manuscript of extracts from the ‘De clementia’ and of the ‘Epistulae morales`, by Seneca. Edit




  • 14th century. (Creation)


  • 0.00 linear metres (Whole)
    ii (paper) + 53 + i (paper) folios.



  • Physical Description

    0.00 linear metresii (paper) + 53 + i (paper) folios.145.00 x 210.00 millimetres

  • Dimensions

    145.00 x 210.00 millimetres

  • Scope and Contents

    (i) Extracts from the ‘De clementia’, in two series, concerning respectively ‘clementia’ and ‘crudelitas’: i.1.5 ‘rarissimum’ – ‘est’, ‘nemo’ – ‘Romano’, i.1.6 ‘difficile’ – ‘procedunt’, i.1.7 ‘iam’ – ‘sunt’, ‘fecit’ – ‘assecuti’, i.2.2 ‘nec’ – ‘praeponderet’, 1.3.3 ‘nullum’ – ‘struendum est’, i.4.1 ‘ille’ – ‘fidem’, i.4.3 ‘olim’ – ‘capite’, i.5.1 ‘uides’ – ‘parcere’, i.5.3 ‘decet’ – ‘conspicitur’, i.5.5 ‘magnam’ – ‘despicere’, i.7.4 ‘humili’ – ‘liberius est’, i.8.1 ‘eorum’ - i.8.2 ‘timore’, i.8.2 ‘tibi’ – ‘sequitur’, i.8.3 ‘fastigio’ - i.8.4 ‘contingit’, i.8.5 ‘loqui’ – ‘quatiatur’, i.8.7 ‘uoluntas’ – ‘succedunt’, i.11.2 ‘ego’ – ‘crudelitatem’, i.11.4 ‘clementia’ – ‘salus’, ‘quid’ – ‘necessitate’, i.12.3 ‘clementia’ – ‘compescat’, i.13.2 - i.14.3 (with some small omissions), i.16.3 ‘nonne’ – ‘compescet’, i.17.1 ‘nullum’ – ‘homo’, i.18.1 ‘seruis’ – ‘iubet esse’, i.18.3 ‘quemadmodum’ – ‘traditur’, i.19.1 ‘ex quo nemo excogitare’ - i.19.4 ‘satisfaceret’, i.19.5 ‘errat’ - i.19.7 ‘cunctis’, i.19.8 ‘quis’ – ‘abundat’, i.20.1 ‘a’ – ‘exemplo’, i.20.2 ‘nunc’ – i.21.1 ‘securitatem’, ii.3.1 ‘uideamus’ – ‘inferiorem, ‘dici’ – ‘exigenda’, ii.3.2 ‘atqui’ - ii.4.1 ‘poenis exigendis’, ii.4.3 ‘illos’ – ‘habent’, ii.6.4 ‘misericordia’ – ‘subfunduntur’, ‘uitium’ – ‘exigat’, ii.7.1 ‘uenia’ – ‘propositum; ii.4.3 [‘seueritas est] inclinatio’ - ii.5.1 ‘accedit’, ii.5.4 ‘misericordia’ - ii.5.5 ‘reciperet’, ii.6.3 ‘ceterum – ii.6.4 ‘gemitus’, ii.7.1 ‘constituamus’ - ii.7.5 ‘flectantur’. (Folio 1.)

    (ii) `Epistulae morales`, 1 - 58.27 ‘ergo’ (the remainder of the manuscript being lost). There is some confusion at the beginning: folio 3 verso column 2 must be read after the first 2½ lines of folio 4 recto, and folio 4 verso after the first ½ line of folio 7 recto. Possibly the scribe at first intended to give only extracts, but soon decided to copy the complete text; this is supported by the fact that many phrases are added in the margin. 9.17 ‘utilitas’ - 10.5 ‘narrant’ are lost (folio lost after folio 8). The text is basically of the δ group, with some contamination from β. (Folio 3 verso.)

    Space has been left for initials, but these have not been added. There are frequent contemporary marginal notes. ‘C.386` is written on folio ii.

  • Arrangement

    Collation: 1¹⁶ (-1⁹; so originally, as shown by signatures and catchwords; the sheets have at some time been cut in half and the parts pasted together to make gatherings of 8 and 7 leaves), 2-3¹⁰, 4-5⁸. Signatures in arabic numerals in the centre lower margin of the first recto of each gathering. Catchwords by the text-hand in the lower right-hand margin, parallel to the text. Pricking with a flat awl on or close to the text-frame from first recto to last verso of each gathering. Ruling in ink (no guide-lines). Mostly 2 columns, but 1 on folios 4, 9-11 recto, 12 verso, 31 verso-37 (sometimes but not always because an imperfect piece of vellum had been employed). 34-48 lines. Ruled area 150 x 110 millimetres. Secundo folio: `(enim) no(m)ina honori`.

  • Bibliography

    Seneca. ‘De clementia’, edited by C Hosius (Leipzig, 1900).

    Seneca. `Epistulae morales`, edited by L P Reynolds (Oxford, 1965).

  • Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

    Vellum. Continental binding of brown morocco, tooled blind (rebacked); possibly 16th or 17th century.

  • Immediate Source of Acquisition

    Presented, 1925, by the Faculty of Advocates to the nation on the foundation of the National Library of Scotland.

  • Custodial History

    The manuscript was acquired by the Advocates’ Library before circa 1825.