James Augustus Grant joined the Bengal Army in 1848 and was at the siege of Multan, the battle of Gujerat, and the relief of Lucknow. From 1860 to 1863 he was seconded to the Royal Geographical Society's expedition under John Hanning Speke, when the source of the Nile was identified and Uganda and southern Sudan visited. After further service in Kashmir and secondment to Napier's Abyssinian expedition, he retired with the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in 1868. He was awarded the Gold Medal of the Royal Geographical Society in l864 and made a Companion of the Bath in 1866. This collection covers all parts of his career, including family and other correspondence, his journals, his African sketches, and other papers.