Anderson's own inscriptions at the front and back of the volume mention that he came from Stron Comrie, parish of Kenmore, Perthshire. He signs as "Musician" on p. 1, and as "Musician to the theatre Arbroath February 9th 1792" on p. 74.
Notes on pp. 3 and 22-23, repeated on p. 33, state that he died in Inverness on 11 November 1792, aged 27, and was buried there. His mother died on 15 June 1793, and his father, Alexander Anderson, on 19 April 1798, aged 64. P. 2 mentions that a family member, John Anderson, enlisted as a soldier in the 1st battalion of the Breadalbane Fencibles on 11 April 1793.
The volume gives no information on the instrument that Anderson played, or his musical training.