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9th-century French manuscript containing all of the epigrams of Martial., 9th century.

Identifier: Adv.MS.18.3.1

Scope and Contents

The script is Caroline minuscule, with headings in rustic capitals, and also square capitals on a display page, folio 80 verso (beginning of book xi). Written by several hands in a French scriptorium north of the Loire in the second half of the 9th century. There are a few later marginal notes. On the lower side of the front pastedown is French writing in a 16th-century cursive hand.


  • Creation: 9th century.

Conditions Governing Access

Access restricted. Please contact the division of Archives & Manuscript Collections ( A digital surrogate is available.


0.00 Linear metres (i + 108 folios.)

Language of Materials



Collation: 1-13⁸, 14⁴. Signatures in roman numerals in the centre lower margin of the last verso of gatherings 1-4. At an early date gathering 6 was placed after 8; directions for correction are given in a 12th-century hand on folios 40 verso, 41 recto, and signs to show the correct order placed at the end of gathering 5 (Ћ aa), the beginning of 6 (Ћ bb), the end of 6(Ξ cc), the beginning of 7 (Ξ dd), the end of 8(Ω ee), and the beginning of (Ω ff); the correct order will have been restored when the volume was rebound. Pricking with a triangular awl in the outer margins, from the first recto to the last verso of each gathering. Ruling with a hard point. 2 columns. 25 lines. Ruled area 200 x 184-187 mm. Secundo folio: `cum data sint.`

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Vellum. Rebound, 1972, by H.M.S.O. Bindery Edinburgh, in full brown morocco.

Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm available: Mf.Sec.MSS.1.

A digital surrogate is available to view here.

Separated Materials

The former front pastedown, a French document of 1584, is now Adv.MS.84.1.31.


For small omissions see ‘The ancient editions of Martial’ by W M Lindsay, (Oxford, 1903), pages 8, 62.
Attention was first called to the manuscript by John G Dalyell in ‘Some account of an ancient manuscript of Martial`s epigrams’ (Edinburgh, 1811). An incomplete collation was made by Sir William Hamilton, the metaphysician, for F G Schneidewin`s second edition of Martial (Leipzig, 1853). A full collation by W M Lindsay was used in L Friedländer`s edition (Leipzig, 1886) and published in Lindsay`s ‘The ancient editions of Martial’; later editions, including those of Lindsay (Oxford, 1902) and W Heraeus (Leipzig, 1925), depend on this. The manuscript, cited as E, is the earliest and best representative of the `vulgate` family.
The manuscript was number 3 in ‘Treasures from Scottish Libraries’ (Edinburgh, 1964).

Physical Description

0.00 linear metresi + 108 folios.235.00 x 250.00 millimetres


235.00 x 250.00 millimetres

Repository Details

Part of the National Library of Scotland Archives and Manuscripts Division Repository

Archives and Manuscript Division
National Library of Scotland
George IV Bridge
Edinburgh EH1 1EJ
0131 623 3700